Natural Resource Management
Natural Resource is a major source of livelihood for the rural poor and there is no denying the fact that proper management of these resources boosts their income capacity, agricultural production, employment generation and standard of living. The working area of SWATI is full of natural forests, streams and water sources, rich soil and diversified flora fauna and seeds. The communities have their own traditional knowledge and practices to conserve all these things. But in recent times the changing process and administrative rules have minimized community rights over the natural resources which cause degradation and restricts livelihood opportunity.
Integrated Natural Resource Management
Integrated Natural Resource Management is a convergent Programme aimed at synergy building among watershed concept, government employment generation and food security Programme i.e; MNREGS and decentralized planning. As a facilitating organization; SWATI has promoted Village Development Committees (VDCs) in 28 villages of Tikabali and Phiringia blocks, Capacity building of the VDC members on preparation of village micro-plan, Preparation of Micro-plan through VDCs and community members, approved the plans in Palli Sabha & Gram Sabha, Incorporated the village level works in Gram Panchayat planning list. Panchayat plays an important role in channelization of funds under MNREGS.
Watershed Development is the focus programme of SWATI. The organization is engaged in watershed development under Drought Prone Area Programme ( DPAP) since 2003 with the support of DRDA, Kondhamal. Watershed development under DPAP covers 3010.375 hectares comprising 6 watersheds in this area. The major component of watershed is to protect soil and water through conservation and revival of traditional water harvesting structures. Those apart, other major activities are strengthening village level groups, enhancing livelihood options, capacity building of group members and skill development for non-farm activities. In these 6 watershed areas SWATI has strengthened natural resource management based livelihoods through agricultural development, plantation, vegetable cultivation, poultry, fishery and goat farming. Similarly, through watershed programme villagers have adopted different income generation activities like masonry, tailoring, cement work, small enterprises, vending, carpentry and cycle repairing etc.
Forest Development Programmes
Adopting the process of community forest management, SWATI has taken steps to conserve & regenerate forests through Vana Sarankhyana Samiti (VSS). SWATI has formed 10 VSS in ten villages and they protect more than 1500 hectares of natural forests.